Wednesday, October 22, 2014

Land of the Free - Review

Choices. Choices abound in Land of the Free by Joe Krone.

The first choice a gamer must make with Land of the Free (LotF) is in which period to fight. LotF covers horse and musket warfare from 1754 – 1815 in North America. With a span of 60 years, French & Indian War, American War of Independence, Northwest Indian War, and the War of 1812 are all possibilities. With more than two dozen scenarios included, the gamer will have plenty of battlefield variety and scenarios from which choose.

Second choice is what scale to select. With a game that allows for actions from 2-3 men per maneuver unit for skirmishes up to 10,000-30,000 men per maneuver unit at the Division or Army level, all size of collections can be gainfully employed. Really, no collection is too small nor too large to enjoy these rules. The rules will also work for figures of 6mm up to 40mm (or larger!).

A choice not required of the player in LotF is how to base or rebase figures. Having no set basing restrictions or figures per base requirement, rebasing an existing collection to try the rules is not necessary. Players may use what they have in their current collections. Basing and figures/base suggestions are provided for those not already committed to a basing scheme.

Title: Land of the Free, Wargames Rules for North America 1754-1815
Author: Joe Krone
Publisher: Osprey Publishing, 2014. *

The Book:
The book, itself, is a very well constructed hardback with 192 heavy stock, glossy pages. The layout is functional and loaded with color plates from various Osprey books, color photos of miniatures in action, and diagrams explaining assorted rules' mechanisms. While there is no index, the Table of Contents provides enough detail to pinpoint the required section quickly. Very thorough effort.

Production Quality: Excellent.

* Note: I received a complimentary copy of the book directly from Osprey Publishing for review purposes.

Book Organization:
The book is laid out in a logical order with chapters detailing,
  • Organizing Your Forces
  • Elements
  • Orders
  • Commanders
  • The Game Turn
  • Shooting Combat
  • Melee Combat
  • Discipline and Morale
  • Scenery
  • Advanced Rules
  • Scenarios - Generic
  • Scenarios - Historical
  • The French & Indian War
  • The American Revolutionary War
  • Northwest Indian War
  • The War of 1812

Basic Game Attributes:
LotF uses six-sided die (D6) for resolution but many outcomes are determined by the usage of a D3. D3? That is a D6 where a roll of 1 or 2 becomes a “1”; 3 or 4 is mapped to a “2”' and 5 or 6 as a “3.” LotF can become a Buckets-of-Dice game in firing and melee so having six to eight on hand per player would be prudent. All measurements are in inches with the most common increments of 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 inches. To speed play, I made an assortment of Range Sticks with these given demarcations.

Game Markers: LotF requires a LOT of markers. The player will need markers or Rosters to track,
Command Points
Hits
Disorder
Element Discipline Levels (Fit, Shaken, Exhausted, Shattered)
Stored Maneuver Orders
Stored Combat Orders
Unloaded status

I may have even forgotten one or two.

The basic maneuver unit in the game is termed an Element and may consist of a variable number of stands. Since the number of figures per base and number of bases per element are completely at the whim of the players, any basing ought to work as long as both sides are based similarly. LotF has no figure removal and no incremental stand removal so element size is strictly used only to assist in identifying the relative size of an element.

Relative element size is important for identification because LotF allows for force scaling. That is, the game can be played from a skirmish level game all the way up to a division or army level game. No ground, time, or figure scales are given. Ranges are the same despite the level of game chosen. Elements can consist of four distinct sizes of Tiny, Small, Medium, and Large. Each size carries its own distinct set of attributes.

Elements can have three basic types: Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery. Each element type may have more than one weapon choice with different ratings based on element size. The element attributes are:
Weapon
Number of Maneuver Orders
Number of Combat Orders
Discipline Rating
Morale Rating
Number of Action Dice
and Points (used in building or balancing opposing forces)

Sample Element Roster
In the example, the element, “Prescott's Massachusetts battalion” is of Medium Size and carrying the smooth-bore musket. A Maneuver Order rating of three allows the element to perform up to three Maneuver Orders with each activation. Similarly, a Combat Order rating of three allows the element to perform three Combat Orders per activation. A Discipline rating of “3” signifies that the element must make a Discipline Morale Test every time the element suffers three or more hits and measures the ability of an element to stand up to combat stresses in battle.  An element can have one of four Discipline Levels. From best to worst, these are: Fit, Shaken, Exhausted, and Shattered. When an element reaches Shattered status, it is removed from the table. The Morale rating shows that Prescott must roll a modified “7+” on 2D6 to pass a Morale Test. With an Action Dice Number of “4”, Prescott will add 4D6 to his Dice Pool for both shooting and melee.

Notice in the example roster above that American militia and British regulars have the same values for the core efficiency measures. Discounting the Special attribute of Self-Preservation for the moment, in LotF, American militia can maneuver and deliver musket volleys equaling British regulars. Puzzling. Of course, militia drop some effectiveness once Self-Preservation is added but maneuver is the same. Combat Orders are reduced from three to two. With commander guidance, militia could deliver volleys three times per turn and still stand toe-to-toe with the British.

Each element has a central leader stand or point from which all measurements and movements are based. Elements are assembled into combat forces termed “Groups.” Each Group must be under the command of a Group Commander who, in turn, under the command of a Force Commander. Each commander has a Sphere of Influence (SPI) within which an element may operate efficiently. Outside of a commander's SPI and an element will stand idly by watching the action. Suggested minimum number of Groups is two with each Group commanding between 2 and 6 elements.

Force Commanders and Group Commanders are essential in LotF. Most elements outside of a commander's SPI are unable to activate to execute orders. Commanders issue Command Points to elements within their SPI to provide extra assistance via special Orders. This extra help can take the form of Rally, Forced Order (allowing an extra order), re-roll missed die rolls, or promoting a new commander. In most cases, a commander must attach to issue these Special Orders. When attached to an element, only that element may receive Special Orders.

Turn Sequence:
LotF uses an Alternating Activation mechanism for Turn Sequencing. What that means is that each player alternates between activating one group at a time rather than one player activating all of his units before handing play over to his opponent. With that, the Turn Sequence is,
  1. Both players roll for Force Commander CPs
  2. Both players roll for initiative. Winner gets choice of being either first or second player.
  3. First player activates one Group Commander and rolls for CPs.
  4. First player activates each element within his Group
  5. First player moves Group Commander
  6. Second player activates one Group Commander and rolls for CPs.
  7. Second player activates each element within his Group
  8. Second player moves Group Commander
    Steps 3-8 are repeated until all Groups have been activated
  9. Both players move Force Commanders
    One turn complete
Movement:
Elements may move multiple times per activation. For each element's move, the active player spends one Maneuver Order. If an active element has three Maneuver Orders, it could make three moves in three 3” (6” if in march column) pulses for a total of 9”. Besides forward movement, an element could expend one Maneuver Order to move backwards, oblique, change facing or formation, charge, remove disorder, or reload.

Shooting:
Like multiple moves, an element may fire multiple times within a turn. The number of volleys allowed is governed by the number of Combat Orders the element has remaining. An element may fire during its own activation or during its opponent's activation. If firing during the opponents activation, it may fire as a response to enemy activities within its Threat Zone. A Threat Zone is an area to the front of an element (limbered artillery and elements in march column have no Threat Zone) extending 12” out, frontally, from the outside edge. To fire during the enemy's activation the firing element must either have a Stored Combat Order or be the target of a charge. In an oddity, weapons' ranges are the same regardless of game scale. That is, a patrol element (8-13 men) in a skirmish game has the same musket range (12”) as a Division of 10,000 men!

To fire on an enemy element, the target must be within the Threat Zone of the firing element's leader stand. If not, pivot the firing unit such that the target is now within the Threat Zone. This pivot is free but tends to break up a linear battle line if not targeting elements directly to the front.

Now that the target is properly aligned within the Threat Zone, the firing element creates a firing Dice Pool. This dice pool will be the total number of dice thrown in the volley. To 2D6 add the firing element's Action Dice number and then add or subtract die (dice) for situational modifiers. After dice adjustments, roll the dice. Hits occur on 5 or 6. Roll two or more '1's then the fire results in a Ragged Volley. Subtract one hit from the total. Roll two or more '6's and the target receives a Punishing Volley, disordering the target as well.

If hits applied to the target meet or exceed its Morale Rating, it takes a Discipline Morale Test. Hits in excess of the Discipline Rating become negative DRMs. Pass the Discipline Morale Test and the target drops a Morale State. Fail the test and the target drops a Morale State and retreats 1D3 movements. For example, an element with a Discipline Rating = 3 sustains three hits. Since the number of hits taken equals the Discipline Rating, the element must make a Discipline Morale Test. If it fails the test, it withdraws 1D3 moves back. Otherwise, no effect.

Sound complicated? Took longer to write the explanation than to execute. The number of modifiers is about a half-dozen and easily remembered after a few shots have been fired. Resolution is quick and morale tests are equally easy to remember. The shooting process is fast and straightforward. Not only may an active element fire more than once during activation but it could target more than one enemy too. Also, the same target may be repeatedly hit with fire. In our first game, players were resolving fire quickly midway through the first game turn.

Melee:
For melee, an active element must declare a charge and expend one Maneuver Order. A charge move is twice the regular move broken up into two 3” charge pulses. After the first 3” move, the inactive player may interrupt. If not the target of a charge, a passive player may either Snap Fire (similar to Opportunity Fire) or Counter-Charge. Each of these actions requires either a Stored Combat Order (Snap Fire) or a Stored Maneuver Order (Counter-Charge). On the other hand, a target of a charge may fire or counter-charge without expending a Stored Order.

Once in contact, following the second charge pulse, the resolution process takes a twist. The hit process is similar to shooting resolution but in melee hits from the Dice Pool become DRMs in the final resolution. In melee, each combatant begins with 2D6 and adds his Action dice. That total is then modified by a number of situational dice modifiers to arrive at the total dice pool for each. Each player rolls the handful of dice. Hit on 5 or 6.

Each player adds the number of hits to a list of Melee Resolution Modifiers. The player with the largest total wins the melee. The loser applies hits sustained, makes a rout move, and is disordered. The distance of the rout move is based on the Melee Results differential. That is, for each incremental difference between the two totals, the loser routs that many 3” moves. For example, Attacker has Melee Results total of 6 and Defender has Melee Results total of 8. Attacker loses the melee, becomes disordered and routs 6” (2x 3”). If the Melee Results differential is greater than the loser's Discipline Rating then the loser drops one Discipline Level. Winner applies hits taken and is disordered as well.

Discipline:
As noted earlier, Discipline has four levels of Fit, Shaken, Exhausted, and Shattered. Over the course of the game, an element's Discipline Level will likely fluctuate. Commander's may rally an element from Exhausted to Shaken but never to Fit. A Shattered element is removed from the table as combat ineffective.

Morale:
Certain actions require an element to take a Morale Test. Which Morale Test taken depends upon the triggering event. There are three types of Morale Tests. (Simple) Morale Test has no negative consequences other than to deny the action attempted. Rally, Inspirational Change, and Concentrated Volley fall into this category. Disorder Morale Test results in disorder if failed. Examples of these are Forced Order, Charging when not Fit, formation change during charge reaction, etc.. Finally, a Discipline Morale Test is triggered each time an element's Discipline Rating is equaled or exceeded or a Group is broken. If failed, the element withdraws 1D3 moves to the rear.

Disorder:
An element may find itself accruing Disorder Markers too. These disorders are gained for a variety of reasons and are removed by either expending Maneuver Orders or by a Commander Rally. Elements are disordered by interpenetration, punishing volley, hits from artillery, melee, failing a Disorder Morale Test, and crossing a linear obstacle. If an element has any Disorder Markers then Maneuver Orders must be expended first to remove as many as possible before any other action.

That ends the summary of the basic rules mechanisms. Now, there remains a section on scenery and linear obstacles but those can be distilled down into Terrain Effects. Advanced Rules are present too and provide Special Element Rules to give each element type more historical flavor. For example, American foot militia are given the special skill of Self-Preservation which has militia beginning the game already at Shaken Discipline Level and unable to use Battle line modifiers in melee.

Scenarios:
Does LofT offer scenarios? That is an understatement! By my count there are eight generic scenarios and 20 historical engagements. The historical battles cover the periods French & Indian War, American War of Independence, Northwest Indian War, and the War of 1812. Many of the battles included for the AWI are huge affairs with many having more than ten Groups each!  Having that many groups would push the limits of multi-player playability in my mind.  With such large forces, why not scale up to the next level to reduce the number of independent commands? 

Conclusion:
With sequential element activation and multiple movement and firing, holes in an enemy line can be opened and exploited. Competent play with these rules will likely require deployments in depth, elements having Stored Orders ready to interrupt the enemy's decision cycle, judicious use of commanders, and a reserve to plug holes and exploit opponent's weaknesses. Plenty of choices for the battlefield commander.

While I mentioned a few of my observations in the review, I enjoy the overall dynamic nature of horse and musket conflict that Krone has created.  After two test games using 28mm AWI collections, I am looking forward to pulling my 15mm AWI collection from the shelf.  LotF presents a perfect opportunity to field these armies on the gaming table once again.

Tuesday, October 21, 2014

Linear Obstacles - Fences and Walls

In the historical Battle of Bunker Hill, a stone wall and rail fence played a prominent role in the battle.  For my recent replay of this famous battle, I wanted to include similar linear obstacles.  The problem for me was that I have no walls or fences in 28mm!  Most of linear obstacle type terrain pieces are sized for 15mm or smaller.  So a day or two before the Saturday game, I whipped out a few sections of both rail fence and stone wall from bits laying around the house.

First, the stone wall sections are built up from a Litko 120mm x 30mm base using a bag of talus from a model railroading supply store.  Using tacky glue, rocks were piled one on another, allowed to dry, and then hit with a spray of flat black.  Later a dry brush of light gray, a Minwax stain, a spray of Dullcote and voila, finished.

Second up was the rail fence.  This took some thought on how to build and later store a worm rail fence.  Using some old, surplus balsa laying around, I built five sections of three rail fence.
Each section is designed such that they interlock to create a hinge at the join.  A tight fit allows the sections to remain interlocked.

The sections can then be positioned anywhere from a 90 degree bend to 180 degrees.  Sections, when disassembled can store flat yet pieced together to make a worm rail fence.   Five fence sections are a start but not nearly enough for frontier battlefields. 
Both of these linear obstacles will work well on the North American frontier in either 28mm French & Indian War or American War of Independence games. These items provided a quick, inexpensive, and relatively easy addition to the gaming table.

Sunday, October 19, 2014

Battle of Bunker Hill - BatRep

Having received the new set of rules, Land of the Free (LotF), in the post about one week ago, I sent an invitation out to give the rules their initial trial.  Without even giving the rules a solo play test beforehand, this game really would be our trial by fire.

While we had several options for period and scale (I know, 15mm, 25mm, 28mm really are not scales), American War of Independence in 28mm was the popular choice.  Battle chosen was Bunker Hill.
American militia manning the ramparts
On game day, Kevin, Scott, and Jake participated, and I would say, eager to give the rules a go.  Scott fielded all but one of the American units and I fielded the majority of the British units.  Kevin provided the redoubt and fleches.

For force composition, each of the adversaries fielded two Groups.  The British under nominal command of Howe, (Gates remained in Boston on the day of battle), commanded both his Group and acted as overall Force Commander while Pigot commanded the second British Group.  For the Americans, Putnam, as Force Commander, fielded Groups under the commands of Prescott and Stark.

Initial deployments began historically.  That is, Stark deployed along the stone wall and rail fence while Prescott deployed his militia in the redoubt.  Putnam oversaw the defenses of the earthworks.  For the British, Pigot's columns disembarked opposite the redoubt.  Howe deployed on Pigot's right opposite the stone wall and rail fence.  British guns were placed on Morton's Hill and near the kiln.
Initial dispositions from birds' eye view
Breed's Hill redoubt in background
Stark in foreground
Stark's militia manning the stone wall
Stark and his militia drawn up behind the rail fence.
Prescott manning the redoubt
Pigot and his brigade
Howe and his brigade march to battle
Almost from the beginning the game began to veer from the historical engagement.  The British were allowed to draw up their own battle plan.  Not being held to the historical initial attacks that went in against the stone wall, rail fence, and redoubt simultaneously, Howe opted for a concentrated attack against the redoubt.

To begin, the British guns opened fire and began pounding the redoubt.  Even behind the safety of the earthworks casualties among the militia began to rise.  First to go in against the redoubt was Pigot.  Being incompetent, Pigot could not offer much in leadership but his men marched in towards the fortifications despite their commander's shortcomings.
Elements of Pigot's command caught with muskets empty
Despite heavy casualties from a combination of artillery and musketry, Pigot was able to weaken the defenses forcing one militia to abandon its position.  Luckily for the Americans, another militia was eager to take its place.  Unfortunately, Prescott went down during the heated musketry exchanges.  
Militia driven from ramparts
(Many different stats markers needed for LofF)
but quickly replaced
With fresh troops manning the redoubt, Pigot's brigade was stopped short of the earthworks and rendered combat ineffective.  Having little ability to rally his troops, Pigot would play no more role in the fight this day.

Having repulsed the first attack, the Americans grew in confidence.  Watching the battle unfold while standing idly by, Stark ordered his men out from behind the relative safety of the barricades.  If Howe would not bring the battle to us, we will bring it to him!  Also influencing Stark's decision was the continued pounding of the earthworks from the guns on Morton's Hill.  Ranks of the defenders within the redoubt were thinning as British artillery continued its unrelenting shelling.  Those guns needed to be silenced.
Stark advances from stone wall
Having expended Pigot in the initial assault, Howe sent in his second assault upon the defenses.  Hatmen along with the combined light infantry closed on the redoubt.  American guns and musketry opened holed in many of the files as the British approached.  First the line regiment was ground down and stalled followed soon afterwards by the turning back of the light infantry.  The second assault failed. 

In the third assault, Howe sent his combined grenadiers in the lead.  Taking casualties on the approach up the heights, the grenadiers coolly stepped over their fallen comrades as the assault progressed. 
Grenadiers assault the redoubt
With artillery support continuing from Morton's Hill,  the grenadiers stopped to deliver devastating volleys into the earthworks.  Putnam, having attached himself to the militia to increase their resolve, went down in the hail of lead.  The pressure on the militia was too much.  The Americans  broke and ran!  The grenadiers entered the breastworks as the remaining American militia skedaddled.
Grenadiers take the redoubt
As in history, the British took the redoubt on Breed's Hill on the third assault after having suffered significant casualties.  Like his counterpart Howe, Kevin won a Pyrrhic victory. 

Congratulations to the British players!

As moderator, I enjoyed watching the battle unfold.  I hope the players enjoyed themselves as well.

A very brief note on the LotF rules: 
A lot (and I mean a LOT) of action takes place in any one turn.  Each unit can move and fire multiple times with each activation.  Casualties can mount very quickly.  Today's battle saw four turns completed in about 1-1/2 hours.  After the first half of Turn 1, players were maneuvering through the rules' mechanisms with ease; helped only with the QRS and an occasional look-up in the text.

Details on the rules, themselves, with respect to play mechanisms, play examples, and thoughts will follow in a more formal, rules' review. 

Friday, October 17, 2014

BatRep Arroyo con Pollo - Conclusion

The final installment in the Battle of Arroyo con Pollo is upon us.  For earlier episodes, see,

As we last left the action, the French second wave of attacks were repulsed all along the line.  The British line was showing some stress to combat but was standing firm.
Situation Turn 7
On Turn 7, French gain the initiative and Brigadier Menard on the French right is activated.  French guns in the farm yard target the 20th which is in disorder following its charge on the 70th.  Firing at close range, the guns inflict casualties on the 20th forcing it to retire towards the rear.  With Lowe attached to the 20th, in the commotion, Lowe's horse panics and stampedes!  
Lowe hangs onto his hat as horse bolts
Lowe's horse carries him to the rear
20th falls back back in disorder
At close range, the 86/1 fires into the 20th's supporting battalion, the 38th.  Under the volume of fire, the disordered 38th retires back into the safety of the defile.
Both 20th and 38th fall back
With both central British battalions falling back from fire, Menard orders the 86/2 to change from square into attack column.  Their target?  The guns on the heights!  As the 86th approaches, the disordered guns fire.  No effect!
86th attacks the guns
The 86th reaches the guns and with overwhelming numbers, scatters the men serving their cannon.  The guns are captured! 
Cats in amongst the pigeons
Witnessing the loss of the guns above them, both the 20th and 38th fall back even more deeply into the defile.  With the 20th and 38th falling back and their position becoming untenable, the KGL lights see the writing on the wall and retrograde back into the rough ground on the ridge.  With the British left giving way, the KGL hussars ride back across the arroyo in search of safety.

With the British left in disarray, Mermet spurs his horse into action to keep pressure on.  Mermet leads the Reserve Grenadiers across the valley in a charge against the crumbling 38th.
French attack in assault columns
With the grenadiers bearing down, the 38th panics and breaks for the rear.  Passage into the defile and British rear is opening.
Grenadiers attack!
38th wavers as grenadiers close
As the 38th passes through the unsteady 20th, the 20th is carried away as well.  The British left has been destroyed!
British left in flight
Having seen the destruction of his left and the threat of being outflanked growing by minute, Spencer orders his right to abandon its positions and head for the hills.
British right in retreat
Thus ends the Battle of Arroyo con Pollo.

Wow!  Getting the initiative on Turn 7 was pivotal.  The French, with Menard, were essentially able to steal a march on the British by softening up the British left at the end of Turn 6 and then hammering it home on Turn 7.  The British needed a reserve on the left to blunt the attacks and cover the retreats.

One of the keys to the collapse of the British left was the fluke bolting of Lowe's mount.  Having Lowe suddenly hare off to the rear robbed the 20th of Lowe's command influence at a crucial battlefield moment.  Given Lowe's benefits when attached, (through both the -2DRM to Response Rolls and the ability to reroll one or both failures), would have almost guaranteed that the 20th would have held.  Although with a CE=2 and disordered, that might not have meant much.

The rules worked well for solo play and produced a very enjoyable game with a number of tense moments.

Now, time to clear the table and reset for the Saturday group game of Bunker Hill.

Wednesday, October 15, 2014

French 36th Line Regiment in 28mm

Elite Miniatures produces a range of Napoleonics that many either like or not.  The figures have a hint of caricature but I really enjoy this style.  Even better, Elite figures with their somewhat exaggerated sculpting make for a figure that is easy to paint.  Looks great en masse too!  In which camp are you?  Like 'em or loathe 'em?

This French battalion musters out as the second battalion of the 36th Line Regiment and will join its sister battalion also of Elite Miniatures' origin.  The second battalion of the 36th is in campaign dress while Battalion #1 is outfitted in full dress.




The French officer will be used as a brigadier and has that distinctive Elite panache.

One more unit of Elite Miniatures remain in The Lead Pile.  What remains?  Enough figures for at least one battalion of British rifles remain to see the brush.  Those riflemen are at the painting desk now.    

Monday, October 13, 2014

BatRep Arroyo con Pollo - Attack


The action at Arroyo con Pollo continues from where we last left the combatants.  Part One of the battle is documented here.  Initial French attacks on the British flanks were repulsed.
British left
As the action is rejoined, the 6lb British gun deployed on the heights on the British left fires into the cluster of grenadiers as they fall back from their failed assault.  The grenadiers sustain more casualties and the once orderly retreat turns to rout.  No nearby French infantry are troubled by the sight of their grenadiers heading for the rear.  With the grenadiers scurrying to the rear, the KGL hussars, having crossed over to the left bank of the arroyo earlier, begin their charge on disordered French infantry holding onto the base of the heights.
KGL Hussars ready for action
Seeing the hussars approach, the French line wheels back and performs a short retrograde to prepare for the charge.  As the hussars close, a long range volley is loosed and many light horsemen fall.  The French then calmly form square.  Now in disorder, the hussars pull up and attempt to recall.  The troopers respond to the sound of the trumpets and recall back towards the arroyo.

The 20th, with Lowe attached, volleys into the disordered 70/1.  More Frenchmen fall and the 70/1 falls back in an attempt to escape the heat.  A cheer erupts from the British line and the 20th pursues the retiring French.  Even though two volleys are unleashed into the 20th, neither are effective and the 20th closes due to Lowe's leadership.
The 20th attacks!
In the close work, the 20th dishes out two hits while the 70th can only reply with one.  With their combat effectiveness teetering on dissolution, the 70th retreats back away from the victorious British.
20th victorious
To cover the 20th's now exposed left, the 38th advances with the intent to assault the French 86/1.  The 86/1 fires two volleys and the 38th takes casualties and becomes disordered.  Not wanting to close in their disordered state, the 38th halts.
Who is who?
On the British right, the KGL go on the offensive.  Sympher's guns placed at the foot of the hill target the advancing legere.  Sympher successfully tears a few holes in the French lights before the 5th KGL foot can close.  As the Germans close, the 2nd Legere's skirmishers are driven in.  With combat effectiveness eroding from the cannon fire, the legere fall back into the wheat field.  With no desire to engage multiple fresh French infantry, the 5th occupies the ground vacated by the legere and halts.
KGL advance
Having a flank exposed to the threat of French cavalry is no good so the 7th KGL advances to cover the 5th's right.
7th KGL advances
Lamotte's cavalry now stirs into action.  The 5th Chasseurs a Cheval rally but  maintain their threatening position while the 2nd Hussars strike out towards the 7th KGL.  With the angle of the French approach, no fire was possible so the Germans form up into square.  Not wanting to attack ordered infantry in square, the 2nd Hussars recall back towards their lines.

Now Taupin's command activates.  The 2nd Legere rally while Taupin rides over to the Swiss.  The Swiss change into line and fire into the 5th KGL.  The Germans take casualties but stand firm.
KGL form square
With the 7th in square, the 70/2 attacks in assault column.  The 7th unloads two devastating volleys into the packed French but it continues to close upon the square.
French attack a square
In the assault, both combatants take heavy casualties but the French, nearing exhaustion, cannot break the square and are, themselves, repulsed.  With the exception of the Swiss, all other French attacks have been repelled on the British right.  The British right remains solid but somewhat weakened.
The French left retreats
Menard's command activates on the British left and much of the French actions are consumed reordering his command.  Menard rides over to join the 86/2 in square to rally it.  The 86/2 rallies and then forms line.  Mermet joins the grenadiers and with his inspiration, rally from combat effectiveness of 2 up to an effectiveness of 4.  Content to remain at arms' length from the enemy, the 86/1 inflicts casualties upon the 38th while Menard's guns degrade the fighting capability of the 20th.

At the end of Turn 6, French attacks all along the front have been repulsed and the British are still firmly in control of the defile.  The British line may be bent but certainly not broken.  While the French left has taken much punishment, the French right is recovering from their earlier setbacks.  Too bad for the French that they have no cavalry on their right to exploit the weakening British positions. 
Situation end of Turn 6
As has been uttered in many a game, initiative is going to be very important next turn!
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